Erik erikson s theory of psychosocial development

Is it okay to have been me?

Erik erikson s theory of psychosocial development

Is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life Hope: Mistrust oral-sensory, Infancy, under 2 years [ edit ] Existential Question: Can I Trust the World? The first stage of Erik Erikson's theory centers around the infant's basic needs being met by the parents and how this interaction leads to trust or mistrust.

Trust as defined by Erikson is "an essential trustfulness of others as well as a fundamental sense of one's own trustworthiness. The child's relative understanding of world and society comes from the parents and their interaction with the child. A child's first trust is always with the parent or caregiver; whoever that might be, however, the caregiver is secondary whereas the parents are primary in the eyes of the child.

If the parents expose the child to warmth, regularity, and dependable affection, the infant's view of the world will be one of trust. Should parents fail to provide a secure environment and to meet the child's basic needs; a sense of mistrust will result.

If caregivers are consistent sources of food, comfort, and affection, an infant learns trust — that others are dependable and reliable. If they are neglectful, or perhaps even abusive, the infant instead learns mistrust — that the world is an undependable, unpredictable, and possibly a dangerous place.

While negative, having some experience with mistrust allows the infant to gain an understanding of what constitutes dangerous situations later in life; yet being at the stage of infant or toddler, it is a good idea not to put them in prolonged situations of mistrust: Is It Okay to Be Me?

Erik erikson s theory of psychosocial development

As the child gains control over eliminative functions and motor abilitiesthey begin to explore their surroundings. Parents still provide a strong base of security from which the child can venture out to assert their will.

The parents' patience and encouragement helps foster autonomy in the child.

Erik Erikson, the famous developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, developed a theory known as the Psychosocial Stages of Development. In this theory on personality development of humans, Erikson put forward eight stages, that begin when a child . Once described by a colleague as “Freud in sonnet form”, [5] psychological giant Erik Erikson blurred the line between science and art. A prolific researcher best known for his model of human development as a series of eight stages, Erikson’s long and abundantly rich life demonstrated a keen appreciation for the art of living.A look into the life and life’s work of Erik Erikson . Erikson’s () theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages, taking in five stages up to the age of 18 years and three .

Children at this age like to explore the world around them and they are constantly learning about their environment. Caution must be taken at this age while children may explore things that are dangerous to their health and safety. At this age children develop their first interests.

For example, a child who enjoys music may like to play with the radio. Children who enjoy the outdoors may be interested in animals and plants. Highly restrictive parents, however, are more likely to instill in the child a sense of doubt, and reluctance to attempt new challenges.Erik Homburger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June – 12 May ) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.

He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity son, Kai T. Erikson, is a noted American sociologist. Despite lacking a bachelor's degree, Erikson . Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome.

This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each. Theory. Erikson is a Freudian means that he accepts Freud's ideas as basically correct, including the more debatable ideas such as the Oedipal complex, and accepts as well the ideas about the ego that were added by other Freudian loyalists such as Heinz Hartmann and, of, course, Anna Freud.

Erikson's stage theory of psychosocial development generated interest and research on human development through the lifespan. An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout the life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age.

According to Erik Erikson’s theory, we all encounter a certain crisis that contributes to our psychosocial growth at each of Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Erik Erikson was a psychologist who did most of his work in the post-Freudian era, in the s to the s.

He was a student of Freud, and was greatly influenced by the latter's theories of personality development.

Critical Analysis on Psychosocial Theory of Erik Erikson | Sumaira Ayub -