Visit Website Abandoning its countryside to Spartan invaders B. Sparta found its old strategy of ravaging cropland discomfortingly ineffective: With stalemate in Attica, both belligerents turned to a variety of secondary theaters throughout the Aegean world and Asia Minor, as Sparta tried to turn Athenian subjects, and Athens in turn sowed insurrection among the Helots. In these latter proxy wars, Athens used hoplites in combined maritime operations, whereas Sparta and its allies in time developed a competent fleet:
Peloponnesian War Essay Example: Peloponnesian War is the war between two Greece centers with the largest political associations — Athens Empire and Peloponnesian League, under the head of Sparta.
A rivalry between them increased day by day and, finally, in the second half of the V-th century it took the form of the internal war BC. As it is written in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: The cause of war was a number of reasons with economic and social character.
In these terms a leading role in area of trade belonged to two competitive Greek states: These city states entered the way of commodity production and sea-born trade development long ago, they both were identically interested in maximal expansion of their economic influence sphere.
Sparta relied on the traditional strategy of Greek warfare. She hoped that by invading Attica and destroying the crops she would force Athens either to sue for peace or come out to fight the standard set piece battle in which typical Greek wars were decided. The land-forces of Athenians were considerably weaker, but due to the fleet they had pre-eminence at the sea.
In addition, Athenians were more prepared to war in a financial relation. Due to domination of Athens at the seaside it was not lack in food in the crowded town, but position was complicated with the epidemic of some dreadful disease.
Meantime Peloponnesian army continued intrusions into Attica. A turning point during military operations was reached in the yearwhen Athenians succeeded to seize Pylos and to take prisoner the representatives of the noblest families.
But this success was weakened by the defeat of Athenians in a battle near the city Delil and the return actions of the Spartan war-lord when he succeeded to obtain falling off from Athens a row of their allies.
The lingering war exhausted the forces of both sides. So, as a result of negotiations Athens and Sparta concluded the so-called Nicias peace in B. But a political situation in Athens stayed tense.
In connection with arrival to Athens of embassy from the Sicily with complaints about oppressions, which the habitants had to stand from other cities, adhering to the Peloponnesian orientation.
Athenians equipped an enormous fleet. But all in all the Sicilian catastrophe was a critical moment during the whole war. Having lost fleet and most efficient part of soldiers in Sicily, Athenians lost their predominance above allies.
The wrecking of the Athenian union began. This catastrophe reflected substantially the political life of Athens.Thucydides explores many themes within his work, The History Of the Peloponnesian War.
A prominent theme can be found in book 2 chapter 53, in which, Thucydides describes Athens after it had been hit with a devastating plague. He uses this plague as a means to suggest that war teaches violence. 16th Century Indian Firangi Sword Circa 's Basket Hilt Form The name ‘Firangi’ (Foreigner) was apparently given to these swords somewhat later in the 17th Century, as they were mounted with European (Foreign) blades, imported by the Portugese, which were highly valued.
Many excellent historians have discussed the causes of the Peloponnesian War (), and many more will do so, but Thucydides, who lived at the time of the war, should be the first place you look. In the first book of his history, participant observer and historian Thucydides records the causes.
Historians posit multiple causes for the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides argued that the underlying cause of the war was Sparta’s fear of growing Athenian power during the . Jan 31, · Peloponnesian War Essay Unedited Peloponnesian. This was known as the first Peloponnesian war this war Words: — Pages: 5 Peloponnesian War Peloponnesian war, there is no clearly cut protagonist, or antagonist.
Essay on The Clouds and the History of Peloponnesian War Words | 8 Pages “Clouds” and the “History of Peloponnesian War” Undeniably, the ancient Greek society places a heavy emphasis on values and traditions.